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Equities Fixed Income External Managers Private Equity and Real Estate Sustainable Investing

Equities

We follow a philosophy that low-turnover, concentrated portfolios derived from sound bottom-up fundamental research provide an opportunity for attractive performance results over time. We have a culture and firm equity ownership structure that help us attract and retain professionals who share those beliefs, and we follow a repeatable investment process that helps us stay true to our philosophy.

Brown Advisory Equity Strategies

Fixed Income

We follow a philosophy that fixed income strategies built from a foundation of stability coupled with fundamental credit research can seek to generate alpha and control risk. We have a culture and firm equity ownership structure that attract and retain professionals who share those beliefs, and we follow a repeatable investment process that helps us stay true to our philosophy.

Brown Advisory Fixed Income Strategies

External Managers

Investment Solutions Group

The Investment Solutions Group is an investment-management team within Brown Advisory that specializes in asset allocation, manager selection, hedge funds and other alternative investment strategies. Dedicated to open-architecture solutions, our team has established a strong track record of identifying high-quality, third-party investment managers across the hedge fund, long-only and private equity universes. We leverage this expertise to help clients assemble portfolios that we believe best fit their needs and goals, offering clients a range of solutions from complete portfolio management to fulfillment of specific hedge-fund and alternative-asset mandates.

Private Equity and Real Estate

Private Equity and Real Estate

Brown Advisory has incorporated private equity and real estate investments in client portfolios since our founding. Today, we can provide that exposure in three distinct ways.

Feeder Funds and Multimanager Funds
We introduce clients to investment opportunities in early- and late-stage venture capital and buyout funds, as well as select real estate funds. We also construct these feeder funds into multimanager funds through our Private Equity Partners (PEP) and Real Estate Partners (REP) vehicles to make private equity investing as easy as possible for our clients.

Customized Private Equity Portfolios
For most clients, private equity is one component of a balanced portfolio that we manage. Other clients, however, come to us specifically for custom-built private equity and real estate portfolios.

Sustainable Investing

Sustainable Investing Strategies

  • Multi-Manager Strategies
  • For clients seeking an open-architecture solution, we have access to several of the premier sustainable managers in the industry - all vetted by internal research.
  • Private Equity
  • Our private equity team is focused on evaluating the growing universe of private impact investments to identify standout opportunities that target various issues of particular concern to our clients. To date, we have placed assets in investments targeting a variety of impact themes such as community impact, microfinance, education technology, sustainable real estate, water initiatives and others.*
  • *Many alternative investments by regulation may only be sold to Accredited Investors (institutions with at least $5 million in assets) or Qualified Purchasers (institutions with at least $25 million in investments).

Customized Portfolios

This diverse assortment of solutions will meet many clients’ sustainability objectives; however, we understand the continued evolution of this space and seek to be able to react quickly to client needs.

For clients with unique missions, value-aligned investing programs, or who simply wish to ensure that they do not own certain controversial companies or have access to certain industries, we offer the following customized options:

Additional Screening: To the extent we have reliable data and can build rules into our compliance systems, we can add specific screens to a separate account to restrict companies (e.g. oil and gas providers) or industries (e.g. tobacco or weaponry).

Customized and Thematic Portfolios: Within a separate account, we can work together to solve for a sustainability need. From a universe of securities researched from both the bottom-up and for their ESG profile, we can assemble a custom portfolio of securities designed to meet many specific sustainable goals or outcomes.

Investment Insights and Thoughts from Brown Advisory
Planning & Strategic Advice The QSBS Tax Exemption: A Valuable Benefit for Startup Founders and Builders
Matt Metsch
November 01, 2018
The Qualified Small Business Stock (QSBS) tax exemption may allow you to avoid 100% of the capital gains taxes incurred when you sell a stake in a startup or small business. Here we discuss how you can apply this exemption and what you need to do to qualify.

If you own a stake (or plan to invest) in a startup or small business, you need to know about an important tax planning tool available to you. If you qualify, you may be able to avoid federal taxes on any and all capital gains you realize when you exit.

The tax benefit we are discussing is called the “QSBS exclusion,” which is shorthand for a provision in Section 1202 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). This section of the IRC outlines rules that potentially let you exclude from federal taxation the entire gain on the sale of Qualified Small Business Stock (QSBS). This exclusion was enacted in 1993 with a 50% limit, but recent updates to the Code have expanded it to a 100% gain exclusion.

Note that the exclusion is limited to gains of $10 million, or 10 times the basis of your initial investment, whichever is greater. If your gains exceed those limits, you will not be able to exclude all of your gains from federal taxation; however, the allowable exclusion is still likely to be quite meaningful in nearly all cases.

So what boxes do you need to check to use the QSBS exclusion? Generally, you can use the exclusion if:

  1. you have held the stock for at least five years,
  2. the stock was issued after August 10, 1993,
  3. the stock was issued by a domestic C corporation, with a max of $50 million of gross assets when the stock was issued,
  4. the company uses at least 80% of its assets in an active trade or business, and
  5. you are a non-corporate taxpayer.

We often advise clients to think about these provisions if and when they are initiating a startup or small business investment. To qualify for the QSBS exclusion, investors will need a business that is properly structured at inception, and they will need to plan for a multiyear investment. An additional note for those seeking to use this exclusion: Tracking which shares qualify for this benefit can be complicated because stock certificates and investor reporting rarely list this information—another reason why working closely with your tax advisors along the way can be key. Your advisors may also help you amend returns (up to three years past) to take advantage of a qualifying QSBS exclusion that you did not initially leverage.

The QSBS exclusion is most commonly applied in situations when an entrepreneur sells his or her company, or when investors in a private equity fund receive an in-kind distribution of post-IPO shares after a portfolio company in the fund goes public.* To be clear, there are many dimensions to this rule, and to any small business owner’s situation. We frequently work with our clients and their tax advisors to develop plans that make sense for each client. Here are a few wrinkles to keep in mind that may play a central role in your specific situation.

If your exit falls within the five-year window, you can still qualify if you roll your investment into another qualified small business. Another section of the IRC, Sec. 1045, governs this planning step, which is accordingly called a “1045 rollover” in planning parlance. This topic warrants a more detailed discussion, but you could, for example, own QSBS stock in ABC Corp. for two years, then roll that investment over into QSBS stock in XYZ Corp. In this scenario, your holding period for XYZ is, in reality, one day. But for purposes of determining eligibility for the QSBS exemption, the holding period for XYZ is considered to be two years (i.e., the period dating back to your original purchase of ABC stock). If you further hold that XYZ stock for an additional three years, then it will be treated as if you held it for a five year term, and thus you will be eligible for the QSBS exemption.

The 1045 Rollover: Additional flexibility for the QSBS tax exemption

The QSBS tax exemption requires you to hold the stock for five years, but if you sell within that window and roll the proceeds into another QSBS investment, the "clock keeps ticking"―in other words, your initial purchase date is still valid for purposes of reaching that five-year threshold.

Source: Brown Advisory.

You still benefit from the exclusion in a stock-for-stock reorganization with a non-qualifying business. Even if you exchange your QSBS stock for “non-qualified” stock (for example, stock from a large public company in an acquisition), you may still be able to benefit from your “earned” QSBS gain exclusion down the line. For example, let’s say you’ve owned qualifying stock in Startup Co. for seven years, and your basis is $1 million. Your stock is acquired by Large Public Co. (Large Public Co. does not qualify as QSBS) in a stock-for-stock transaction equal to $7 million in Large Public Co.’s stock. Your $6 million gain qualifies for QSBS exclusion. Twelve months later, your stake in Large Public Co. increases another $2 million in value, and you sell your stake for $9 million. Of your total capital gain of $8 million, you can exclude $6 million from federal taxes.

Hopefully, this brief explanation of the QSBS exclusion rules is helpful for entrepreneurs and other small-business investors. When you initiate a startup or small business investment, it is important to consider your options with regard to business structure, and the availability of this exclusion should be one factor among many that guide your decision. And of course, no investment of this type should be made primarily for its tax benefits; the paramount considerations should be the merits of the underlying business, its potential for success, and whether the associated risk is acceptable given your circumstances. But with a moderate amount of planning and forethought, the QSBS exclusion can be a powerful tool for extracting maximum value from a startup or small business venture. 

*Private equity funds and other private investments are for qualified purchasers and accredited investors.

The views expressed are those of Brown Advisory as of the date referenced and are subject to change at any time based on market or other conditions. These views are not intended to be and should not be relied upon as investment advice and are not intended to be a forecast of future events or a guarantee of future results. Past performance is not a guarantee of future performance and you may not get back the amount invested.

The information provided in this material is not intended to be and should not be considered to be a recommendation or suggestion to engage in or refrain from a particular course of action or to make or hold a particular investment or pursue a particular investment strategy, including whether or not to buy, sell, or hold any of the securities or asset classes mentioned. It should not be assumed that investments in such securities or asset classes have been or will be profitable. To the extent specific securities are mentioned, they have been selected by the author on an objective basis to illustrate views expressed in the commentary and do not represent all of the securities purchased, sold or recommended for advisory clients. The information contained herein has been prepared from sources believed reliable but is not guaranteed by us as to its timeliness or accuracy, and is not a complete summary or statement of all available data. This piece is intended solely for our clients and prospective clients, is for informational purposes only, and is not individually tailored for or directed to any particular client or prospective client.

Any business or tax discussion contained in this communication is not intended as a thorough, in depth analysis of specific issues.